Clues for Evaluating Research Studies

Introduction One form of authority that relies a great deal on observation and often carries special weight is the research study: usually a systematic collection of observations by people trained to do scientific research. How dependable are research findings? Like appeals to any authority, we cannot tell about the dependability of research…
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A Guide to Critical Thinking

WHAT ARE THE ISSUE AND THE CONCLUSION? Before we evaluate someone's reasoning, we must first find it. Doing so sounds simple; it isn't. To get started as a critical thinker, you must practice the identification of the issue and the…