References & Additional Readings


  • Academic Writing in English. [Online resources] Finnish Virtual University. Retrieved from [Accessed 1.12.2010].
  • Althouse, B.M., West, J.D., Bergstrom, C.T. and Bergstrom, T. (2008) ‘Differences in impact factor across fields and over time’, Journal of the American Society for Information Science and Technology, Vol. 60, No. 1, pp. 27-34.
  • American Medical Association of style (1998) (9th ed.). Baltimore: Williams & Wilkins.
  • Bazerman, C. (1981) ‘What Written Knowledge Does: Three Examples of Academic Discourse’, Philosophy of the Social Sciences, Vol. 11, No.3, pp. 361-388.
  • Bem, D.J. (2003) ‘Writing the Empirical Journal Article’, in Darley, J. M., Zanna, M. P., & Roediger III, H. L. (Eds) (2003). The Compleat Academic: A Practical Guide for the Beginning Social Scientist, 2nd Edition. Washington, DC: American Psychological Association.
  • Cargill, M. and O’Connor, P. (2009) ‘Writing scientific research articles.’, Chichester: Wiley-Blackwell.
  • CmapTools [Online resources]. Retrieved from [Accessed 21.12.2010].
  • Creswell, J. W. (2003) ‘Research design: Quantitative, qualitative, and mixed methods approaches’, (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks, CA: Sage.
  • Davidson, G. (2004). ‘Roget’s Thesaurus of English Words and Phrases’, (Ed.) London: Penguin Books Ltd.
  • Flower, L. & Hayes, J. (1991) ‘En teori om skriving som kognitiv process. In E. Bjprkvold & Penne (Eds.), Skriveteori. Norge: Landslaget for norskundervisning (LNU)’, Capellen. 102-127.
  • Freeman, D.M. (2000) ‘Writing a Scientific Research Paper’ [Available online] <http://umech.>
  • FreeMind [Online resources]. Retrieved from[Accessed 21.12.2010].
  • Garfield, E. (2006) ‘The History and Meaning of the Journal Impact Factor’, The journal of American Medical Association, Vol. 295, No. 1, pp. 90-93.
  • GOOGLE [Online resources]. Retrieved from or [Accessed 16.1.2011].
  • GOOGLE Scholar [Online resources]. Retrieved from or
  •[Accessed 16.1.2011].
  • Grabe, W. and Kaplan, R. B. (1996) ‘Theory & Practice of Writing. An Applied Linguistic Perspective’. London: Longman.
  • Grammarly. [Online resources]. Retrieved from [Accessed 1.12.2010].
  • Hinds, J. (1987) ‘Reader versus writer responsibility: A new typology. In U. Connor & R. Kaplan. (Eds.), Writing across languages: Analysis of L2 text. Reading’, MA: Addison- Wesley. 141-152.
  • Hirsjarvi, S., Remes, P. and Sajavaara, P. (2000) ‘Tutki ja kirjoita’, (6th ed.). Helsinki: Kustannusosakeyhtio T ammi.
  • Huth, E.J. (1999) ‘Writing and Publishing in Medicine’, (3rd ed.). Baltimore: William & Wilkins.
  • Hyland, K. (2004) ‘Corpus analysis and academic persuasion. In U. Connor & T. A. Upton (Eds.), Discourse in the professions: Perspectives from corpus linguistics’, Amsterdam, Philadelphia: John Benjamins. 87-115.
  • Hyvarinen, M. (2007) ‘Kirjoittaminen toimintana. In M. Kinnunen & O. Loytty (Eds.)’, Tieteellinen kirjoittaminen. Tampere: Vastapaino. 65-80.
  • Just the Word (2005-2010). [Online resources] Sharp Laboratories of Europe. Retrieved from[Accessed 1.12.2010].
  • Kniivila, S., Lindblom-Ylanne, S. and Mantynen, A. (2007) ‘Tiede ja teksti. Tehoa ja taitoa tutkielman kirjoittamiseen’, Helsinki: WSOY Oppimateriaalit.
  • Kristiansen, I. (2004) ‘Tehokkaita oppimisstrategioita. Esimerkkina kielet’, Helsinki: WSOY, Opetushallitus.
  • Lee, D., and Swales, J. (2006) ‘A corpus-based EAP course for NNS doctoral students: Moving from available specialized corpora to self-compiled corpora. English for Specific Purposes’, 25.  56-75. LOCATION: Elsevier Ltd. Retrieved from
  • Luukka, M-R. (2007). ‘Mika tekee tekstista tieteellisen. In M. Kinnunen & O. Loytty (Eds.), Tieteellinen kirjoittaminen’, Tampere: Vastapaino. 13-28.
  • Mauranen, A. (1993a) ‘Cultural Differences in Academic Rhetoric’, A Textlinguistic Study. Frankfurt am Main: Peter Lang.
  • Mauranen, A. (1993b) ‘Contrastive ESP rhetoric: Metatext in Finnish-English economics texts’, English for Specific Purposes 12, 1: 22. LOCATION: Elsevier.
  • May, E. (1993) ‘Tiedetta englanniksi. Akateemisen kirjoittamisen kasikirja’, Jyvaskyla: Jyvaskylan yliopistopaino, Soveltavan kielentutkimuksen laitos.
  • Meadows, A. J. (1998) ‘Communicating Research’, San Diego and London: Academic Press.
  • Paltridge, B. (2001) ‘Linguistic research and EAP pedagogy. In J. Flowerdew et al. (Eds.), Research Perspectives on English for Academic Purposes’, Cambridge: Cambridge University Press. 55-70.
  • Scott M. (1996) ‘WordSmith Tools’, [Online resources]. Retrieved from Oxford University Press. [Accessed 1.12.2010].
  • Seglen, P.O. (1997) ‘Why the impact factor of journals should not be used for evaluating research’, BMJ, Vol. 314, No. 7079, pp. 497.
  • Sharp, D. (2002) ‘Kipling’s Guide to Writing a Scientific Paper’, Croatian Medical Journal, Vol. 43, No. 3, pp. 262-267.
  • Spector, T. (1994) ‘Writing a Scientific Manuscript: Highlights for Success’, Journal of Chemical Education, 71, No. 1, pp. 47-50.
  • Suppe, F. (1998) ‘The Structure of a Scientific Paper’, Philosophy of Science, Vol. 65, No. 3, pp. 381-405.
  • Swales, J.M. (1990) ‘Genre Analysis: English in academic and research settings’, Cambridge Applied Linguistics.
  • [Online resources]. Retrieved from [Accessed 1.12.2010].
  • Torronen, J. (2007) ‘Tieteellisen tekstin rakenne. In M. Kinnunen & O. Loytty (Eds.), Tieteellinen kirjoittaminen’, Tampere: Vastapaino. 29-49.
  • Visual  Thesaurus. [Online resources]. Retrieved from  [Accessed 1.12.2010].
  • Valiverronen, E. (2007) ‘Kirjoittaminen prosessina. In M. Kinnunen & O. Loytty (Eds.), Tieteellinen kirjoittaminen’, Tampere: Vastapaino. 83-94.
  • Weissberg, R. & Buker, S. (1990) ‘Writing Up Research: Experimental Research Report Writing for Students of English’, New Jersey: Prentice-Hall.
  • Word Neighbors. [Online resources]. Retrieved from [Accessed 1.12.2010].
  • XMind [Online resources]. Retrieved from[Accessed 21.12.2010].
  • Yarden, A. (2009) ‘Reading Scientific Texts: Adapting Primary Literature for Promoting Scientific Literacy’, Research in Science Education, Vol. 39, No. 3, pp. 307-311.
  • Yore, L.D., Hand, B.M. and Florence, M.K. (2004) ‘Scientists’ views of science, models of writing, and science writing practices’, Journal of Research in Science Teaching, Vol. 41, No. 4, pp. 338-369.
  • Zeiger, M. (2000) ‘Essentials of Writing Biomedical Research Papers’, (2nd ed.). New York: McGRAW-HILL, Health Professions Division.

Additional Readings

  • Belt, P., Mottonen, M. and Harkonen, J. (2010) ‘Practical Tips for Doctoral Students’, University of Oulu, Finland, Teaching Development Unit.
  • Belt, P., Mottonen, M. & Harkonen, J. (2010) ‘Vinkkeja vaitoskirjaprosessin nopeuttamiseen’, Oulun yliopiston tuotantotalouden osaston tyopapereita, Oulun yliopisto. (in Finnish)
  • Directory of Open Access Journals [Available online]
  • Elsevier (2010) ‘Journals’, [Available online]
  • Emerald (2010) ‘Author How To Guides – A series of guides for academic and practitioner authors from the experts’. [Available online]
  • Harvard Business Review (2010) ‘Guidelines for Authors’, [Available online]
  • IEEE (2010) ‘Author Digital Tool Box’, [Available online]
  • Inderscience publishers (2010) ‘Paper submission – information for authors’, [Available online]
  • ISI Web of Knowledge [Available online]
  • Journal ranking [Available online]
  • Lempiainen, K., Loytty, O. & Kinnunen, M. (toim.) (2008). Tutkijan kirja. Tampere: Vastapaino. (In Finnish)
  • List of academic databases and search engines [Available online]
  • MIT Press (2010) ‘Author Resources’, [Available online]
  • Nature (2010) ‘Author services’, [Available online]
  • Nummenmaa, A.R., Pyhalto, K. & Soini, T. (toim.) (2008). Hyva tohtori. Tohtorikoulutuksen rakenteita japrosesseja. Tampere: Tampere University Press. (In Finnish)
  • The New England Journal of Medicine (2010) ‘Author centre’, [Available online]
  • The SCImago Journal & Country Rank (2010) ‘Journal Rankings’, [Available online]
  • Thomson, W. (2001) ‘A Guide for the Young Economist’, The MIT Press, pp. 144.

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